The Whole World Calendar Book of Holidays Around the World 2015

 

as well as The Whole World Calendar Board Game

 

will be Available in time for Holiday Gift Giving!

 

 

Meanwhile, from The Whole World Calendar Book of Holidays Around the World 2014:

 

 

OCTOBER 21ST

 

The Anniversary of the Death of President Ndadaye in Burundi is a day of mourning for Melchior Ndadaye on the anniversary of his assassination in 1993 (born March 28, 1953) during an attempted military overthrow after having served for three months as the nation’s first democratically elected president. Mr. Ndadaye’s assassination ushered in the Burundi Civil War of 1993-2005, during which an estimated 300,000 - 400,000 Burundians died. For information regarding Burundi, see February 5th, “Unity Day in Burundi.”

Armed Forces Day is celebrated in Honduras, for information regarding which, see September 15th, “Independence Day in Honduras.”

Overseas Chinese Day in the Republic of China is a day on which to honor all people of Chinese heritage who were born and live outside of Greater China. For information regarding the Republic of China (which is often referred to as Taiwan) see January 1st, “Foundation Day in the Republic of China.”

 

OCTOBER 23RD

 

Cambodia Peace Treaty Day is celebrated in Cambodia on the anniversary of the 1991 signing of a peace agreement between internal warring factions and Vietnam, which had invaded in 1978 to stop military incursions across the border as well as to end the genocide which the Cambodian Khmer Rouge was committing against the nation’s citizens, for more information regarding which, see January 7th, “Victory Day Over the Genocidal Regime in Cambodia.”

Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand is a day on which the life of King Chulalongkorn the Great of Siam (who is also known as Rama V) is celebrated on the anniversary of his death in 1910. Born on September 20, 1853, he assumed the throne on October 1, 1868, introduced modernity in social and political spheres, abolished slavery and maintained the independence of what was then the Kingdom of Siam while other nations in the region were colonized by European powers. For information regarding Thailand, see April 6th, “Chakri Memorial Day.”

The Day of the Republic in Hungary is celebrated on the anniversary of the start of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution which initially led to the fall of the Soviet-backed communist dictatorship in favor of a civilian government but ended with a military invasion by the Soviet Union, reinstallation of the ousted government, arrest, imprisonment, and deaths of thousands, and flight from the country of an estimated 200,000 Hungarians. For information regarding Hungary, see March 15th, “Commemoration of the Revolution in Hungary.”

 

OCTOBER 24TH

United Nations Day is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1945 activation of the UN Charter as a day which “shall be devoted to making known to the peoples of the world the aims and achievements of the United Nations and to gaining their support.” World Development Information Day was established by the UN in 1972 “with the object of drawing the attention of world public opinion each year to development problems and the necessity of strengthening international cooperation to solve them.”

Independence Day in Zambia is celebrated on the anniversary of the nation’s 1964 achievement of independence from the United Kingdom after 76 years of colonial rule. The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in southern Africa which takes its name from the Zambia River. The nation’s capital city is Lusaka, for 18th century Chief Lusakasa.

 

OCTOBER 25TH

 

Constitution Day in Lithuania is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1992 ratification of the nation’s constitution. For information regarding Lithuania, see July 6th, “King Mindaugas Day in Lithuania.”

Republic Day in Kazakhstan is celebrated on the anniversary of the nation’s 1992 declaration of independence from the Soviet Union 72 years after its takeover. For information regarding Kazakhstan, see May 1st, “People’s Unity Day in Kazakhstan.”

Retrocession Day in the Republic of China is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1945 Japanese surrender of the island of Taiwan after 55 years of colonial rule. For information regarding the Republic of China (which is often commonly referred to as Taiwan) see January 1st, “Foundation Day in the Republic of China.”

Thanksgiving Day in Grenada is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1983 military intervention through which members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States ousted the military government which had assumed power six days earlier after the assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, who had himself come to power four years earlier by overthrowing Prime Minister Eric Gairy. For information regarding Grenada, see February 7th, “Independence Day in Grenada.”

 

OCTOBER 26TH

“Angam” is translated from Nauruan into English as “Fulfillment” and Angam Day in Nauru is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1932 birth of Eidaruwo, who brought to 1,500 the number of living Nauruans after a 1920 influenza epidemic had taken the lives of almost 25% of the islands native inhabitants. For information regarding Nauru, see January 31st, “Independence Day in Nauru.”

Armed Forces Day is celebrated in Benin, for information regarding which, see January 10th, “Traditional Religions Day in Benin.”

Armed Forces Day is celebrated in Rwanda, for information regarding which, see January 28th, “Democracy Day in Rwanda.”

Neutrality Day in Austria is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1955 enactment of the Declaration of Neutrality through which the nation declared itself to be permanently neutral in international disputes. The Republic of Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe whose capital city is Vienna, the origin of whose name is uncertain.

 

OCTOBER 27TH

 

Independence Day in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is celebrated on the anniversary of the nation’s 1979 achievement of independence from the United Kingdom after 216 years of colonial rule. For information regarding Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, see January 22nd, “Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Day.”

 

OCTOBER 28TH

Independence Day in the Czech Republic is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1918 achievement of the independence of the now-defunct Czechoslovakia from the Austro-Hungarian Empire upon the dissolution of the Empire at the conclusion of World War I. For information regarding the Czech Republic, see January 1st, “Restoration Day in the Czech Republic.”

Labour Day in New Zealand is celebrated on the fourth Monday in October as a day on which the labor of its citizens is honored with a day off from work and school. For information regarding New Zealand, see February 6th, “Waitangi Day in New Zealand.”

 “Oxi” (“Ohee”) is translated from Greek into English as “No” and Oxi Day is celebrated in Cyprus andin Greece on the anniversary of the 1940 one-word reply from Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas toItalian dictator Benito Mussolini’s ultimatum that he allow the positioning of Italian forces within Greeceor face war, upon which Italy attacked Greece across its border with Albania as Greeks took to the streetsshouting “Oxi!” For information regarding Greece, see March 25th, “Independence Day in Greece.” For information regarding Cyprus, see October 1st, “Independence Day in Cyprus.”

 

OCTOBER 29TH

 

Creole Day in Dominica is a festive celebration of the nation’s native Creole culture. The Commonwealth of Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea with a total land area of 290 square miles whose name is translated from Latin into English as “Sunday,” the day of the week on which it was sighted by Italian explorer Christopher Columbus upon his 1492 arrival in the Americas. The nation’s capital city is Roseau, which is translated into English as “reeds” for those that grow along the island’s coast.

Naming Day in Tanzania is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1964 renaming of the country from the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar to the United Republic of Tanzania, for more information regarding which, see January 12th, “Zanzibar Revolution Day.”

Republic Day in Turkey is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1923 amendment to the nation’s constitution through which the former caliphate adopted a republican form of government. For information regarding Turkey, see April 23rd, “The Commemoration of National Sovereignty in Turkey.”

 

OCTOBER 30TH

The Birthday of His Majesty the King-Father is celebrated in Cambodia on the anniversary of the 1922 birth of Norodom Sihanouk, who reigned from 1942 until 2004, when he abdicated in favor of his son, King Norodom Sihamoni, who has reigned since. For information regarding Cambodia, January 7th, “Victory Day Over the Genocidal Regime.”

 

OCTOBER 31ST

 

Halloween is a fun-filled holiday celebrated throughout the western world, most commonly in the Americas and in Europe with festivities that begin around sundown, when celebrants dress in costume and attend parties featuring games, candy, food and drink. In North America, Trick or Treating is a tradition in which children in costume go door-to-door offering their neighbors the choice between a trick (being played on them) or a treat (proffered by the householder in order to ward off the trick). The origin of Halloween is in the Celtic Festival of Samhain (see above) and its name is derived from “All Hallows Eve” — the evening before the Christian Feast of All Saints (see November 1st).

Reformation Day is celebrated by Protestant Christians and is a national holiday in Germany and in Switzerland on the anniversary of the day in 1520 when Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of a Roman Catholic church in Wittenburg, Germany, which brought excommunication from the church and the founding of the Lutheran and later Protestant Churches.

The Birthday of Chiang Kai-shek is celebrated in the Republic of China on the anniversary of the 1887 birth of the Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Chinese Nationalist Party and the nation after the death of Sun Yat-sen (the founder of the party and first Provisional President of the republic), led its military forces during the 1927-1950 Chinese Civil War, retreated to the Taiwan islands upon their defeat by the forces of the Chinese Communist Party under the direction of Mao Zedong (who founded the People’s Republic of China on the main-land) and continued serving as President of the Republic of China (which is often referred to as Taiwan) until his death in 1975. For information regarding the Republic of China, January 1st, “Foundation Day in the Republic of China.”

Nevada Day in the USA is celebrated on the anniversary of the 1864 admission to the union of the Territory of Nevada as the 36th of the 50 United States of America. Nevada is located in the US Southwest and its state capital is Carson City, for 19th century American trapper, guide and Civil War General Christopher “Kit” Carson. For information regarding the US, see January 2nd, “Georgia Day in the USA.”